Of course there are many more chemical peelings than these listed below but let’s concentrated on the most popular ones which you shouldn’t have any problem to find in many beauty salons/clinics. And remember – depending on acids’ concentration – each treatment could be done or by beauty specialist or by cosmetologist or by doctor.
So what we have:
— Glycolic acid
— Salicylic acid
— Azelaic acid
— Pyruvic acid
— Mandelic acid
Glycolic acid (belongs to α-hydro acids group) is very popular among different chemical peelings, and there is a reason to keep its popularity. It has very strong exfoliation capabilities, eliminates blackheads (thanks to its deep penetration into the hair follicles) and stops acne. Additionally it reduces small wrinkles (increases collagen synthesis), removes hyperpigmentation and stimulates microcirculation. You may find many brands on the market but my favorite one is GLYKOPEEL® from Filorga because apart of glycolic acids it contains depigmentation factors, natural anti-irritation compounds and vitamins.
Salicylic acid (β-hydro acid) is used very often in anti-acne therapies because it regulates sebaceous glands, removes blackheads, cleanses skin and prevents future acne. It has strong bactericidal, fungicidal and anti-inflammatory acting. Additionally salicylic acid stimulates cell regeneration, exfoliates and rejuvenates skin. Reduces imperfections (enlarged pores, fine lines) and hyperpigmentation, improves skin tone and brighten its color.
Azelaic acid is used in depigmentation therapies because it evens out skin tone and lightens hyperpigmentation. It reduces hyperkeratosis and sebum production and has antioxidant properties. Due to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties is used also in anti-acne therapies.
Pyruvic acid – in water solution changes into lactic acid. Pyruvic acid has very small molecules thanks to which can efficiently penetrate skin. It’s a strong rejuvenation acid which makes skin thicker, more firm and elastic. It reduces sebaceous glams and sebum. It used additionally in anti-acne therapies.
Lactic acid (α-hydro acid) improves hydration of the skin, induces the synthesis of ceramides in the epidermis and stimulates the production of collagen and elastin fibers in the dermis, so that the skin becomes thicker, firmer and more elastic. Lactic acid also acts as keratolytic, anti-inflammatory and bleach compound.
Mandelic acid – comes from an extract of bitter almonds. Its molecules are bigger than in case of glycolic acid so its skin penetration is also lower and it works less irritating to the skin. That’s why it’s recommended to everyone who has very sensitive skin and doesn’t tolerate fruit acids (AHA acids). Additionally it has strong antiseptic and antibacterial properties.
So those are one of the most popular ones. You would find many others – also depends which brand is used by your beauty parlour.
Thalgo, for example, has an acid treatment where few different chemical peelings (some of mentioned above) are used – depends on a skin condition.
So once again – go for a free consultation to your beauty specialist and choose the best chemical peeling for your skin 🙂
Photos from Google Image